Modals for speculation posted by jeff beyer on august 22, 20 detectives are cool. Its a murder mystery and the students work out who did. The plan below includes detailed instructions and the game cards. Deduction means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. Home page grammar advanced past modals of deduction the titanic past modals of deduction the titanic read these sentences about the construction and only voyage of. Deductions about pictures showing places 40 gap fill. This lesson has a lot of reading, which should give the opportunity for some past tense work as well as lexis. English esl deduction worksheets most downloaded 17. Lesson share grammar speculation and deduction lesso share ocopiable can be downloaded from website speculation and deduction by stephanie valerio 5.
Modals verbs deduction speculation esl activities games. When modals are used to talk about past events, the modal is followed by the perfect infinitive, without to. Dec 04, 2015 modals verbs of deduction and speculation english grammar lesson upper intermediate duration. Cambridge university press herbert puchta, jeff stranks. Modals of possibility and probability for past situations. Todays lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and. I saw a flash in the sky, but it couldnt have been aliens, they dont exist. Need to necessity we really needed to talk to you have to obligation susan had to pay the rent have got to have to ive got to go now. Logical conclusion on a past event peter has arrived late. Maltalingua english language school 69,637 views 2. Oct 29, 2017 in the followup to a previous video, we talk about about using modals of speculation deduction to talk about past situations. Grammar, vocabulary, reading, listening and much more.
Modal verbs pdf worksheets english vocabulary and grammar. For each sentence, choose between cant, might or must to fill each space. A collection of downloadable worksheets, exercises and activities to teach modals of deduction, shared by english language teachers. Modal concept example like to enjoy i like to watch tv want to desire john wants to buy a car a few verbs which often serve as modals too.
May 30, 2017 modals of deduction worksheet, intermediate upper intermediate level esl worksheets stay safe and healthy. Lesson 10 modal verbs for deduction espresso english. Mar 29, 2016 in this post, i am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction. Past modal verbs of deduction page 2 of 3 test english.
Maybe they left early they might have taken the train. Past modals or modals of lost opportunity are used to imagine that the past was different. Modals of speculationdeduction in past must have, might. Home page grammar advanced past modals of deduction the titanic past modals of deduction the titanic read these sentences about the construction and only voyage of the titanic ship. You should have apologised a criticism you shouldnt have said that. Students result english result upperintermediate grammar unit 6 modals of deduction in the past. Photokanok, should have, could have, and would have are sometimes called modals of lost opportunity because they describe situations when we are imagining that the past was different. Modal verbs of deduction and speculation in the past aba.
A criticism a fill the gaps with must have, might have or cant have. Modals deductions about the past grammar intermediate. Grammar quiz all things grammar grammar focus modals of probability also called modals of speculation level intermediate answer key my notes 1. To teach past and present modal verbs of speculation and deduction. We can use modal verbs for deduction guessing if something is true using the available information. Deduction on a past event joe may might have taken the wrong train. This is a game that helps students practice and produce past modals in a fun context and encourages them to be creative.
There is a grammar explanation at the bottom of the page. However, since modals express possibility, intention, obligation, etc. English esl deduction worksheets most downloaded 17 results. We can use modal verbs to talk about probability or improbability of something, as well as to make deductions about some facts or events. We can use modals of probability to speculate on what is happening in the present, or on what has happened in the past. Displaying all worksheets related to modals of deduction. Fill in each gap using must have, cant have, could have, may have or might have. All downloads are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. Unfolding mysteries a game to practise modals of deduction. Past modal verbs of deduction exercise autoenglish. Grammar worksheet modals of probability past find the matching sentences below be careful.
I have been using them with upperintermediate, advanced, fce, and cae students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation. Worksheets are past modal verbs of deduction exercise, lesson 10 modal verbs for deduction, name grammar work modals of probability past, present modal verbs of deduction and probability exercise, grammar videos modals of deduction exercises, name grammar work modals of probability with be, m006, modals work. English grammar reference notes for modals of deduction. Please practice handwashing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. We use modals of deduction to say how sure we are about something.
Possibility to do something, gone unfulfilled you could have played better. Modal verbs for deduction exercise 1 complete the blanks with must, cant, or might. Modal verbs of probability, also referred to as modals of deduction, speculation, or certainty, are used to express the likelihood that something may or may not be true. The students shuffle each set of cards and spread them out face down on the table in two sets. So, i have been teaching modals recently and i wanted to make modals of deduction a little more interesting. Elementary intermediate advanced m006 modal verbs must, mustnt, dont have to, should, shouldnt, might, can. Modals of possibility and probability for past situations exercise 1 choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Welcome to esl printables, the website where english language teachers exchange resources.
I might have made a mistake there is a possibility that i made a mistake. This is an interactive online exercise about past modal verbs of deduction, including cant have and might have. Modals of deduction worksheet verb worksheets, deduction. Mar 30, 2018 to speak about something you are absolutely sure did not happen in the past, use couldnt have. Today we are going to look at modal verbs of deduction and speculation in the past. Firstly, its important to remember what modal verbs are and why they are used. Advanced grammar modal verbs of deduction esllounge. Use this activity to highlight some common errors and subtleties of.
English grammar practice exercise, intermediate level. English in siberia with huncho foreign 33,619 views. As you watch the video, look at the examples of modals of deduction. May have might have something possibly happened but we arent sure if it did they may have left early because of the holiday traffic. There is a list of modal verbs that are called modals of deduction and they are going to be discussed in this article. Grammar modals of deduction assets cambridge university. Therefore, when using past modals with have, special meanings need to be considered. Advanced grammar past modals of deduction the titanic. Worksheets are past modal verbs of deduction exercise, lesson 10 modal verbs for deduction, name grammar work modals of probability past, present modal verbs of deduction and probability exercise, grammar videos modals of deduction exercises, name grammar work modals of probability with be, m006, modals. Give each group of three or four a set of sentence cards and a set of speculation cards. B grades as percentages 18 18 100% 17 18 94 16 18 89 15 18 83.
Advanced grammar modal verbs of deduction esllounge student. We can use modal verbs to talk about how sure or unsure we are about something in the past just as we use modals in the present with a slight change in the form. To make guesses or deductions about past actions or states use a past modal of deduction. Modals of deduction in pictures by izzy mccarthy on. Modals of deduction learnenglish teens british council. These modal verbs of deduction in the past are often confusing and difficult to remember, but with a little hard work and practice, you will learn how to use them correctly. Lesson 10 modal verbs for deduction todays lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. English grammar modals of deduction esl activities. Sophie is in bali this week and she discovers some unusual indonesian food. Todays lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. Here are some examples of modals followed by perfect infinitives. Depending on the information available, you might be more. Present modal verbs of deduction exercise cattaneodallaglio.
When making deductions about the present, we use must if we are sure something is true and cant if we. In this past modals activity, students play a pelmanism game where they speculate on situations using past modals of deduction and try to match cards together. Depending on the information available, you might be more certain that your conclusion is true, or less certain that your conclusion is true. I you he she it we they must might could may cant have been at work. Finally, do the grammar exercises to check you understand, and can use, modals of deduction correctly.
Modals of speculation rules and examples english grammar duration. A criticism a fill the gaps with must have, might have or can. Modals of deduction and speculation by april60 grammar guide for advanced students to learn how to use modal verbs of deduction and speculation in the present and in the past. Cross table with simple rules for use of modals for certainty. Past modal verbs of deduction exercise she must have gone out there is strong evidence. In the followup to a previous video, we talk about about using modals of speculation deduction to talk about past situations. Grammar worksheet all things grammar language focus modals of probability also called modals of speculation for talking about the past level intermediate answer key 1.390 639 900 223 1153 982 788 1461 1286 1297 1328 119 72 711 1157 616 663 447 77 1291 1295 301 800 1676 1101 382 133 98 581 1008 844 385 1086 522 406 316 660 493